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Media and Publication Courts add extra burdens on Iraqi Press                                          1000+ Iraqi journalists threatened with unemployment                                          IRAQ/ Annual Report of Press Freedoms in 2013 307 violation cases, including 19 killings                                          Transparency Report and the Right to Get the Information for the ministries and independent institutions for the first half of 2012                                          IJRDA demands PM Maliki to release Iraqi Journalist                                           The Iraqi Journalists Rights Defense Association Annual report                                          The Iraqi Journalists Rights Defense Association Annual report Coordinating Bureau of the media Baghdad 2009                                           IJRDA required to disclose the fact about the disappearance of a journalist in the province of Arbil                                          

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IRAQ/ Annual Report of Press Freedoms in 2013 307 violation cases, including 19 killings

07/01/2014 11:27:42

Iraqi Journalists Rights Defense Association (IJRDA) Website: www.ijrda.org / https://iraqjournalistrights.crowdmap.com/main Media Coordination Center Baghdad/ Iraq IRAQ/ Annual Report of IJIRDA on Press Freedoms in 2013 307 violation cases, including 19 killings The journalistic work is still characterized with complications and dangers, in most cases, despite the passage of more than 10 years on the change that occurred in 2003. It was supposed that the change will transfer Iraq, press and media freedoms, in particular, to advanced stages of respect and attention. During the past year, the events that took place in journalistic work and Iraq media, as well as the violations, direct and indirect atrocities and violations of the right to get the information, all proved that the media work in Iraq is out of the reach of real constitutional, legal and legislative protection. IJRDA followed up, with great concern, the rights of journalists in 2013 and registered a great number of aggressions and violations against the journalists that delineated the map of such actions and the rights of the journalists to cover events in the country. But, unfortunately, we found great contradiction between Article 38 of the constitution on the protection of journalistic freedom and to reach the information needed and the statements of governmental officials, members of parliament to protect the media and the rights of journalists to work freely and independently. Constitutional and official guarantees for press freedoms At the time IJRDA continued observing and follow up official reactions and procedures by organs connected with the protection and enhancement of press freedom, in addition their constitutional guarantees, it found that it could not provide healthy atmosphere for practicing independent journalistic work, due to political intersections and non-availability of governmental and parliamentary will to achieve these guarantees. As a result, the journalistic work continued to operate within a cloud of worry and fear, in addition in a dangerous atmosphere. Added to all these factors, the journalists marched in bad vocational and legal atmospheres, out of their aspirations of having active legislations that will protect journalistic freedoms. Crisis continues surrounding journalistic work in Iraq Out of these sorrowful pictures and the need to have objectivity and accuracy in evaluation, we may say that the increase of the violations in 2013 was clear, in comparison to previous years, where assassination, kidnapping and direct body assaults were on high levels. Long-period arrests and detentions were also on the rise, as well as other sorts of violations. During 2013, 180 direct and indirect violations were registered against press freedoms that covered 180 journalists and media members, ranging from assassination, body assaults, court summons, arrests, detention and prevention of covering the events under arms threats. This year witnessed 18 killing cases, the share of Ninewa province was 8, while Salahal-din witnessed 4 cases and the rest were distributed among other provinces. In other words, Mosul city is regarded as the most dangerous site against the lives of Iraqi journalists. Escape of punishment IJRDA is following with great concern and anger the avowed violations and aggressions committed against the Iraqi journalists and media personnel that reached more than 180 cases. The worst of these are the killing crimes that covered 18 persons in 2013 in most of Iraqi provinces. In parallel of assassinating journalists, we find a new phenomenon of escaping punishment that increased our anger, as well as other media and human rights organizations in Iraq. IJRDA believes that these crimes, escape of penalties, indifference in chasing the culprits and fact-finding procedures will actively contribute in their increase in all their barbaric forms and shapes. In the light of this critical and dangerous reality that covers journalistic and media work in Iraq, we called the Supreme Judicial Council to put an end for punishment escaped through different procedures. We proposed forming a special bureau or an investigation commission to tackle the assassination attempts against the journalists in the country, to achieve justice for all the crimes committed during the last ten years. The right to reach information The question of reaching the information is one of the most dilemmas facing journalistic work in Iraq, particularly with the delay of the parliament in transforming constitutional guarantee of this right into a law that will assist the journalists to develop this vocation, in general. In this regard, IJRDA tried diligently, during this year, tor pushing the proposed draft law for getting the information to the Iraqi parliament. The first parliamentary reading was completed and we are waiting for the second, but it is expected, surely, it will be discussed during the coming parliamentary term in 2014. In the light of this situation, governmental establishment continued to deal with the journalists in a manner that contradicts all freedom of work and opinion stipulated by the constitution and simplest freedom values and democracy. Regrettably, during 2013, heads of governmental establishments rejected meeting journalists for press reports or statement or referring the matter to media or planning sections, escaping from responsibility. Other departments demand pre-written questions to be answered in written forms, which negate the real journalistic and objective contents of the dialogue. The worst action was preventing officials from issuing statement to different media organs. Violation of material rights of journalists The Iraqi journalist is still working in difficult vocational and financial condition, where the salaries are limited and bad working conditions, except some organs. The Iraqi journalist faces arbitrary expelling from his post, delay of salaries and denial of rewards. These challenges are continuing by negating the journalists their rights to have contracts that organize their relations with the press institution, as well as their rights and obligations. In addition, the journalists suffer lack of health and security insurance. Press freedoms in Kurdish region Another bad year with 127 violations of press freedoms The year of 2013 is one of the worst historical stages in press process in the Kurdish region, where press freedoms suffered highest degrees of repression and pressures, to the extent that stirred grave concern on the status of press freedoms. Grave concern was uttered for the continuation of violations during the past year, coinciding with the laws and regulations issued by the Kurdish government to protect press freedoms and provide immunity. The press violations in 2013 were diversified, including, for instance, murder threats, arrests, burning press buildings, beating journalists during their work, breaking their instruments, detentions, defaming, fines legal suits and denial of granting the information. IJRDA documented, as in the past years, through its office in the Kurdish region, 127 violations against the journalists, which is a rocketing figure on the Iraqi level and other neighboring countries. According to 2013 figures, the percentages of violations against independent press institutions were diversified in numbers and types of violations, including murder threats, arrests, burning press buildings, beating journalists during their work, breaking their instruments, detentions, defaming, fines legal suits and denial of granting the information. In other words, the violations are continuing in the light of governmental silence and non-interest to stop them in the region. Ibrahim Al-Sragey Director Iraqi Journalists Rights Defense Association (IJRDA) Baghdad, Iraq Website: www.ijrda.org / https://iraqjournalistrights.crowdmap.com/main E-mail: alsragey@ijrda.org / alijrda@gmail.com Skype: Ibrahim.ali939 Facebook: ibrahim alsragey Tel.: 07706246249 / 07901739832 : 2013 (180) 18 10 2003 . , . 2013 . . . 2013 . 2013 ( 180 ) ( 180 ) . ( 18 ) ( 8 ) ( 4 ) ( 180 ) ( 18 ) 2013 . . . .. . 2013 . . 2013 . . . . 127 2013 . . 2013 ( ). ( 127 ) 2013 ( ). ( 127 ) 2013

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